What is Alopecia ?
Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss. There are various hair loss molds that are natural and disease related. Hair loss can also be caused by several medications and medications.
Types of hair loss and symptoms
-The most common type of hair loss is male pattern baldness. This type of hair loss is typically caused by the effects of hormones. It is also called as androgenic or androgenetic alopecia, as is the case in men androgen of sexual hormones. There is a pattern of regrowth of hair along with hair thinning on the crown.
-Female pattern baldness – hair thinning at the top of the head.
-Alopecia areata – This is also referred to as patchy baldness because it is the baldness patches that come and go. This can often affect young people and young adults, but it can affect a person of any age. Alopecia areata is usually caused by a problem in the immune system. The situation can sometimes be in families.
-Scarring alopecia – this occurs after a wound on the skin. This type of alopecia is called a cicatricial alopecia. The hair follicles holding the hair roots may disappear completely. This means that the hair will not come back in the affected areas. Some diseases and disorders also cause scarring alopecias. These include lichen planus, damage, discoid lupus and so on.
-Anagen effluvium is a broader hair loss that can affect the whole body, apart from hair loss. That’s the cancer chemotherapy.
-Telogen effluvium – causes hair loss rather than patchy baldness. This may be the end result of some medications.
Male pattern baldness is usually the most common type of hair loss and has no treatment. This can be sad and there may be cosmetic therapies that can help prevent hair loss.
Some drugs such as finasteride and minoxidil can be used. Minoxidil can also be used in the treatment of female baldness. The efficacy of these drugs usually disappears after they are cut off and is at least modest.
Alopecia areata can be treated with steroids or immunotherapy. This includes the stimulation of hair growth.
Hair loss and alopecia can also be treated with cosmetic surgery. The use of wigs and artificial hair can also solve cosmetic problems. Wigs can be synthetic or real hair.
Other surgery alternatives are hair casting, hair reduction, artificial hair implants, weaving and cloning.
Hair transplantation is a procedure where a small part of the head skin with abundant amount of hair and hair follicles under local anesthesia is removed and transplanted to the areas on bald bones over this bone tissue. Hair plantation is done in several seansta.
Deep reduction surgery involves removal of a part of the bald head skin by squeezing. To expand and relax the skin tissues, a balloon-like device is placed on the scalp skin for several weeks and then the excess bald skin is cut and removed. Artificial hair can also be implanted on bald skin.
The treatment of hair loss also has an important place in the treatment of emotional and psychological dimensions.